Research

In creating fixed-income analytic models, Andrew Kalotay Associates draws upon pioneering research published by Dr. Kalotay and his associates over more than three decades. A member of the Fixed Income Analysts Society’s Hall of Fame, Dr. Kalotay’s innovations include the ratchet bond and ratchet mortgage; the Volatility Reduction Measure (for hedge effectiveness testing under FAS 133); and the concepts of refunding efficiency as applied to both corporate and municipal bonds and mortgages. He has authored or co-authored more than 50 journal articles on a wide range of topics. 

MBS

Bond Valuation and Structuring

Debt Management

Municipal Finance

Trade Press

Wealth Management

Consumer Finance

Innovations

 

Recent Research

Hedging munis — Easier said than done

The Bond Buyer - May 28, 2019

Hedging a muni portfolio which contains bonds priced close to or below par is surprisingly complicated. First, the tax-aware effective duration of such bonds is considerably longer than indicated by conventional OAS models, reflecting the market impact of taxes on price changes not captured by such models. Additionally, tax-aware KRDs may not sum up to the effective duration, and therefore may need to be adjusted to determine the appropriate hedge ratios.

Life Without Advance Refunding

Municipal Finance Journal, Vol Volume 39 Number 03, Fall 2018

The elimination of advance refunding following the signing of the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act in December 2017 will have significant effects on the municipal market. In recent years, most municipal bonds aimed at institutional investors carried an above-market 5% coupon and had a 10-year call. The 5% NC-10 structure had wide appeal for a variety of reasons, a primary one being the bonds' eligibility for advance refunding. In the absence of advance refunding, the 5% NC-10 structure will lose much of its appeal.

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Tax Optimization - Investment Selection and Tax Rate Arbitrage

The Journal of Portfolio Management 2018

Tax-exempt municipal bonds are usually held in taxable accounts. This article discusses how after-tax performance can be increased by tax-beneficial sales.

Don't Let Your Tax-loss Harvest Become a Harvest of Regret

Bond Buyer January 30, 2018

Andy Kalotay's commentary in The Bond Buyer explains how NOT to harvest munis. Financial advisors lack the tools to calculate the benefit from selling, and they routinely recommend transactions that are actually wasteful. With rates set to move higher, many opportunities will present themselves; smart players will want to be prepared with the right tools.

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